Although these gaps are not very clearly understood (in part due to limited cross-national comparability and availability of data), we consider available data and recent research to highlight some of the better-understood factors contributing to the U.S.’s relatively high rates of infant death. While the majority of infant deaths in the U.S. occur less than 28 days after birth (the neonatal period), a substantial share occur 28 to 364 days after birth (the postneonatal period). ‘Jharkhand has the lowest infant mortality rate (IMR), as per the recently released Annual Health Survey 2012-13. Infant mortality (the death of an infant within the first year of life) is a widely-reported indicator of population health. This seems counterintuitive. If we compare this rate to the one that has the first country on this list – Afghanistan with 117.23 infant deaths – then the US infant mortality rate doesn’t seem that high. Cloudflare Ray ID: 614e0f9b4fa31786 The … In the postneonatal period, the leading causes of death are congenital malformations complications (0.37 deaths per 1,000 live births, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and accidents (each accounting for about 0.3 deaths per 1,000 live births). The infant mortality rate for U.S. in 2019 was 5.748 deaths per 1000 live births, a 1.15% decline from 2018. Monaco has the lowest Infant Mortality Ratio: Monaco is the nation having the lowest rate of deaths per 1,000 infants. Mothers who are American Indian or Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander also experience a higher than average infant mortality rate (9.21 and 7.64 deaths per 1,000 live births, respectively). Washington has among the lowest overall rates of infant mortality in the United States, and significant work over the past two decades has reduced infant mortality to historically low levels, from 7.5 deaths per 1,000 births in 1991 to 4.3 in 2016. About a third of infant deaths (34 percent) occurred in the postneonatal period. By Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window). It leads to decrease in the population. 0 votes. We exploit spatiotemporal variations in a large dataset containing individual-level data to conduct a cohort study and to investigate whether current income inequality and increases in income inequality are associated with infant and neonatal mortality risk over the period of the 2007–2010 … The U.S. perinatal mortality rate is similar to the average rate across comparable countries (6.0 and 5.9 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016, respectively) and relatively lower than the rate in some similarly wealthy countries. While differences in data collection likely explain some of the variance in infant mortality rates by country, this should not affect the relative rates of change over time, assuming data collection methods have not changed considerably. The United Health Foundation ranked Massachusetts as the second healthiest state after Hawaii. 1 The number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Causes of Infant Mortality. • asked Nov 24, 2018 in Class X Social Science by navnit40 (-4,939 points) development. (Representational image) Madhya Pradesh has the worst infant mortality rate in the country while Nagaland has the best. Infant mortality in the United States is mostly caused by congenital disabilities, preterm … However, studies also increasingly note that socioeconomic disadvantages alone may not fully account for why Black mothers and their infants face such a disparity in adverse maternal and infant health outcomes in the U.S., and researchers focusing on the substantial Black-White infant mortality gap have generally found that controlling for maternal background factors also does not fully explain the disparity. Age five died in the U.S. is likely a primary contributor to its higher infant exist... 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